Events This Week in Scottish History
 

23 July 1637
Jenny Geddes hurled her stool at the Dean of St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh calling "Daur ye say mass at my lug?", protesting at the new unpopular form of service introduced by Charles I, which led to the signing of the National Covenant.
St Giles Cathedral
 
23 July 1745
Prince Charles Edward Stuart "The Young Pretender" lands on Eriskay with eight supporters, no supplies and no funds at the start of the '45 Rising.
 
23 July 1773
Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane (1773-1860), 6th Governor of New South Wales, was born  at Brisbane House, near Largs, Ayrshire.
 
24 July 1411
 
Harlaw
The Battle of Harlaw.   In a dispute over the Earldom of Ross, Donald II, The Lord of the Isles brought the Highland Army into Aberdeenshire,  where the Earl of Mar gathered his forces at Inverurie to prevent them attacking Aberdeen. The action was intense, but though no clear victor emerged, the Highland Army withdraw to the Highlands and Aberdeen was safe. The battle is remembered in folklore and song.
Harlaw Monument
 
24 July 1874
Oswald Chambers, minister and teacher, author of the devotional My Utmost for His Highest born in Aberdeen.
 
25 July 1843 Charles Macintosh who patented the waterproof cloth he was using
to make raincoats, died.
 
26 July 1513 AA


James IV in response to a request from France in accordance with the “Auld Alliance” declared war on England, sending a letter to Henry VIII with the Ross Herald.   James was also displeased at the English seizure of two Scottish ships in a dispute over the payment of the dowry for his wife, Margaret Tudor.  This  would lead to the disaster at Flodden in September that year, when James and “The Flower of Scotland” were to lose their lives.
 

27 July 1689


The Battle of Killiecrankie.  The Government sent an Army north under General Mackay to stop the advance of the Jacobite Army led by John Graham of Claverhouse, “Bonnie Dundee”.  The Armies met at the pass of Killiecrankie, near Blair Atholl, and the Government soldiers were scattered by a Highland charge lead by Claverhouse.  Their victory was short lived as John Graham was felled by a ball from a leather cannon carried as light artillery by the Government infantry, and his Army was subsequently defeated at Dunkeld.  The bullet hole in his breastplate now at Blair Castle is a later addition for dramatic effect. 
 

27 July 1777
Thomas Campbell, poet, born in Glasgow. He married his cousin, Matilda Sinclair in 1803 or 1804.  Link to Poet's Corner.
 
27 July 1896  Air Vice Marshal  Sir Robert Allingham George, Governor of South Australia, born in Ross and Cromarty.
 
28 July 1683


Anne Stuart married Prince George of Denmark. The second daughter of James II, she was raised a protestant by her uncle, Charles II.  None of her children survived her, and she died without an heir.
 

28 July 1914 The First World War began with Austria-Hungary's declaration of war with Serbia.
 
29 July 1567


 James VI was crowned at Stirling.  The one year old James was crowned James VI of Scotland in a Protestant ceremony in the Church of the Holy Rude, close to the Castle.  John Knox preached the sermon.
 

29 July 1763
Admiral Sir Philip Charles Calderwood Henderson Durham born Largo Fife.
 
30 July 1547

  
The Protestants who were responsible for the murder of Cardinal David Beaton surrendered St Andrews Castle to French forces.  Cardinal Beaton had executed Protestant Preacher George Wishart in 1546 and the Protestants leaders reacted by seizing the castle and killing Beaton.  They held out for a year.  One of their number, John Knox, served subsequently for 19 months on French galleys, but eventually he and the others, but for one who died either escaped or were released.

The mine dug under the castle wall above during the siege
 

31 July 1423 Memorial to the Battle of Cravant from the Alliance France-Ecosse
Battle of Cravant. 4,500 French and Scots soldiers, commanded by John Stewart, Earl of Buchan and Seigneur of Aubigny fell in defence of the town against the English.
 
31 July 1786
First publication of the "Kilmarnock Edition" of the poems of Robert Burns "Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect".
 

Other events in July and August
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Updated 22/07/2017