Events This Week in Scottish History
 

  21   April   1671  
John Law, economist, Scottish monetary reformer and originator of the “Mississippi scheme” for the development of French territories in America, baptised.
 
 
  21   April   1838  
John Muir, America's most famous and influential naturalist and conservationist, and founder of the Sierra Club, born in Dunbar, East Lothian.
 
 
  21   April   1926  
The future HM Queen Elizabeth born.
 
 
22 April 1765 Rev James Grahame, poet and clergyman, born in Glasgow.
 
23 April 1124  The Great Seal of Alexander I
Alexander I died at Stirling Castle.
 
23 April 1661
 Charles II crowned at Westminster Abbey.
 
23 April 1781
General James Abercromby (also Abercombie) commander-in-chief of British Forces in North America in the French and Indian War, died.
 
24 April 1558
Mary Queen of Scots married the French Dauphin, François de Valois, at Notre Dame in Paris.
 
24 April 1633
Privy Council issues a Warrant to Sir David Hepburn to raise a regiment of 1,200 men to fight in French Service. Hepburn's Regiment later became The Royal Scots, the oldest regiment in the British Army and served for 373 Years before being merged into the new Royal Regiment of Scotland in 2006.
 
24 April 1882
Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, Commander of Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born Moffat, Dumfries and Galloway.
 
25 April 1058
Malcolm Canmore  crowned at Scone.
 
25 April 1710
James Ferguson, astronomer, fellow of the Royal Society, born.
 
25 April 1915
ANZAC Day which commemorates the landing of Australian and New Zealand (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) troops at Ari Burnu on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915 marking the emergence of the young nations on the world stage and establishing a reputation for courage and determination that stands to this day. The main British Landings were at Cape Helles and Sedd-El-Bahr. The Lancashire Fusiliers famously won "six VCs before breakfast" at W Beach on April 25, and lost 164 men that day.
 
26 April 1854
Henry, Lord Cockburn,who campaigned to protect and improve the beauty of Edinburgh  died at his home near the City.
 
27 April 1650
The Battle of Carbisdale. The Marquis of Montrose's final Campaign, in the North of Scotland, came to an end when his Royalist force was surprised and overwhelmed by Colonel David Strachan.
 
27 April 1794
James Bruce, explorer, died at Larbert.

 

28 April 1842
Sir Charles Bell, surgeon, anatomist and physiologist died. His most notable achievements were his description of the exterior respiratory nerve ("Bell's nerve"), his discovery that lesion of the seventh facial nerve causes facial paralysis ("Bell's palsy"), and his demonstration of the motor function of anterior roots and the sensory function of dorsal roots in spinal nerves (the "Bell-Magendie law").
 
29 April 1667
 

John Arbuthnot, scholar and Fellow of the Royal Society, born or baptised.
 

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Updated 21/04/2018