Events This Week in Scottish History

9 September 1513 FLD
James IV and the Flower of Scotland fell in battle at Flodden Field, near Branxton, Northumberland, to the billhooks of the Earl of Surrey's English Army.  James IV had invaded England as a consequence of the "Auld Alliance" in response to Henry VIII's invasion of France.
9 September 1543
Mary Queen of Scots crowned at Stirling Castle.
9 September 1758 Alexander Nasmyth, Scots painter, born in Edinburgh.
10 September 1547
The Battle of Pinkie, between Musselburgh and Wallyford on the Esk, part of an English attempt to force a union of the kingdoms by attempting to marry Mary Queen of Scots to Prince Edward (later Edward VI) saw the  Scots lead by the Earl of Arran defeated by an English Army led by the Duke of Somerset. Over half the Scots Army was killed or wounded, but the English plan failed as they were prevented from reaching Edinburgh, and their attack precipitated Mary's marriage to the Dauphin of France.
10 September 1621
Sir William Alexander, later 1st Earl of Stirling and later 1st Viscount of Canada, was granted Nova Scotia by a Royal Charter from James VI. The charter came with a title of  Baronet of Nova Scotia. He later created the Knights Baronets of Nova Scotia.
10 September 1763 James Thomson born.  He wrote chiefly in the local vernacular describing Currie.  He died in 1832.
10 September 1847 The Caledonian Railway opened its line from Carlisle to Beattock.
11 September 1297 SB
The Battle of Stirling Bridge.  The Scots Army led Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated  and destroy half the English  Army, led by Hugh de Cressingham, drawing them onto boggy ground, across the bridge, and cutting them off from the rest of the English Army, led by John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey.
12 September 1848 William McNab, the curator of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, who moved the garden to its  current location at Inverleith Row, died.
The Scottish Invention of America, Democracy and Human Rights By Alexander Leslie Klieforth, Robert John Munro ISBN-10: 0761827919
13 September 1644
The Battle of Aberdeen. The Marquis of Montrose captures the city from the Covenanters led by Lord Burleigh.
13 September 1645 The Battle of Philiphaugh The Marquis of Montrose was defeated by General David Leslie.
The Battle of Philiphaugh Memorial, Philiphaugh Estates
14 September 1402
The Battle of Humbleton or Homildon Hill.  The Earl of Douglas is defeated by Henry Percy (Hotspur) in Northumberland.
14 September 1580 Robert Gordon of Straloch, eminent geographer and antiquary, born at Kinnundy, Aberdeenshire. He was the first graduate of Marischal University,  which had been founded recently by George, the Earl Marischal.
Marischal Virtual Museum - The University of Aberdeen
15 September 1595 The Edinburgh Royal High School riot Bailie John MacMorran, the wealthy magistrate, was shot and killed by one of the pupils, William Sinclair, described as son of the "Chancellor" of Caithness. Roland Saint-Clair's St Clairs of the Isles states this was the later Sir William Sinclair Knight of Mey, usually styled Sir William of Cadboll.
15 September 1940
Battle of Britain Day marking the day when the most decisive air battles were fought.   "Never, in the field of conflict was so much owed by so many to so few." Winston Churchill, 1940.

Scots Historian, Les Taylor, has claimed that the Battle of Britain began in the skies over Orkney, rather then over the White Cliffs of Dover.

16 September 1701
James VII and II died in exile at St Germain-en-Laye, outside Paris.
Map of St Germain-en-Laye
16 September 1745 Jacobite forces rout Colonel Gardiner's 13th Dragoons at "The Canter of Coltbrig" outside Edinburgh.
17 September 1420 The town of Melun in France surrenders to the siege of England's Henry V and his Burgundian allies.  Twenty Scots among the defenders were hanged as they had defied captive James I's orders to surrender.
17 September 1470 The first transaction in a series up to 16th May 1471 by which the Crown in exchange of certain lands in Fife and a pension of 40 merks acquired from Earl William Sinclair an irredeemable title to the earldom of Orkney.  The earldom of Orkney was then annexed by the Crown on 20th February 1472.

Oppressions of the sixteenth century in the islands of Orkney and Zetland, edited by David Balfour. p. xxxv and xxxvi
William Elphinstone and the kingdom of Scotland, 1431-1514: the struggle for order, Leslie John Macfarlane p. 156
The Case for Udal Law.
William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness 3rd Earl of Orkney (1410 - 1482) - Genealogy
The Annexation of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Shetland to the Crown, 20th February 1472
17 September 1771
Tobias Smollett, Scots author of picaresque novels, amongst them The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748), The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle (1750), The Adventures of Ferdinand Count Fathom (1753), died.
17 September 1869
John Elder, engineer and shipbuilder, died.

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Updated 09/09/2017