Events This Week in Scottish History

8 December 1542

Mary Queen of Scots, born at Linlithgow.
9 December 1165
Malcolm IV "The Maiden" died.
9 December 1578
Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram died after this date in poverty, in the Netherlands.
10 December 1540 Act of Annexation of the lordships, lands and castles, with pertinents of Orkney and Shetland.

Records of the Parliaments of Scotland

See also The Annexation of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Shetland to the Crown, 20th February 1472

10 December 1747
Duncan Forbes of Culloden died. Scots statesman, and loyal to the Government, he persuaded many not to join the Jacobite cause in 1745 and also sought mercy for the Jacobites after their defeat.
10 December 1941 The sinking of HMS PRINCE OF WALES and HMS REPULSE in 1941 by Japanese aircraft off the Malayan coast in the events leading to the fall of Singapore. HMS PRINCE OF WALES had a crew of 1,612 and 20 officers, 280 sailors and 27 marines were lost. The dead included Admiral Sir Tom Phillips, CinC of the Eastern Fleet, and PRINCE OF WALES commanding officer, Capt John C. Leach. .HMS REPULSE was built on the Clyde.
11 December 1899
The Highland Brigade under Maj Gen Wauchope took part in the Battle of Magersfontein in the South African War.  The Brigade included  1st Bn The Highland Light Infantry (now 2 SCOTS) 2nd Bn The Black Watch (now 3 SCOTS), 2nd Bn The Seaforth Highlanders (now 4  SCOTS),and 1st Bn The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (now 5 SCOTS).  The Brigade advanced to within 400 yards of the Boer positions when they hit a trip wire. The Boers opened fire, General Wauchope was killed and the Brigade held up by wire and rifle fire, taking heavy casualties, and ultimately withdrew. The action is remembered in the pipe tune "The Highland Brigade at Magersfontein".MP3
11 December 1936

Edward VIII's instrument of abdication took effect.
12 December 1574
Anne of Denmark, wife of James VI and I born.
13 December 1585
William Drummond, poet of Hawthornden, Midlothian, born.

14 December 1542
James V died at Falkland Palace. Regency eventually passed to his widow, Mary of Guise.
14 December 1730
James Bruce, Scots Explorer, and discoverer of the source of the Blue Nile, born at Kinnaird House in Stirlingshire.
15 December 1900
An investigation subsequently concluded that it was on this day, probably in the afternoon that the three Keepers of the year old Flannan Isles Lighthouse disappeared.  The work of the forenoon had been completed and no light was visible that night.  No trace of them was ever found. WW Gibson wrote an epic poem  on the mystery, "Flannan Isle".
15 December 1951

James Eric Drummond, 7th Earl of Perth, died. He was a diplomat and the first General Secretary of the League of Nations.
16 December 1263
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Haakon the Old of Norway, died in the Bishop's Palace, Kirkwall,Orkney after his defeat at the Battle of Largs.

17 December 1669
Act for annexation of Orkney and Shetland to the Crown as Dependencies following centuries of dispute over the control of the Islands, which referred to previous annexation in 1540 and 1612.

Records of the Parliaments of Scotland

See also The Annexation of the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Shetland to the Crown, 20th February 1472

17 December 1907
William Thomson, Lord Kelvin died. He was outstanding in theory as well as practice.  His nephew died at sea and caused him to work for safety at sea; his compass was adopted worldwide; his tide gauge was in use for many years. He provided solutions for the laying of the first transatlantic telegraph cables. A system of temperature and make of refrigerator are named after him.

Other events in November and December
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Updated 08/12/2018