Events This Week in Scottish History

16 June 1971
Lord Reith died. Born in Stonehaven in 1889, son of a Church of Scotland Minister. During advances in the First World War he would sing the "Old Hundredth", in the belief that The Lord would not allow the interruption of the traditional Scottish Version of the Psalm. He was General Manager/Managing Director of the BBC from 1922 to 1927 and set the non commercial model for the corporation that has continued to this day. The Reith Lectures are held in his Memory.
Hear Lord Reith.


16 June 2012 At 12 noon a 21 Gun Salute was fired at Stirling Castle to mark H M The Queen's Official Birthday.
21-Gun Salute, Stirling Castle, 2012. - YouTube (The Queen's Birthday 21st April 2012)
17  June 1390

Alexander Stewart, the Wolf of Badenoch, burned Elgin Cathedral.
17 June 1567

Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle, on the island in the middle of the loch after the her defeat  at the battle of Carberry Hill.  In the spring of the following year before Mary made her escape from the castle, dressed as a servant girl.
17 June 1823
Charles Macintosh patented the waterproof cloth he was using
to make raincoats.

18 June 1639
Pacification of Berwick.  Charles I's Army reaches Berwick-upon-Tweed, but being met by a larger Scottish Army, agrees a truce.
18 June 1815
The Battle of Waterloo was fought in Belgium. Many Scottish regiments took part in the battle, which ended Napoleon's "hundred days". Perhaps the most prominent action involving the Scottish contingent was that of The Gordon Highlanders and the Scots Greys. A French column with over 4,000 men advanced on the Highlanders, while the Gordons, with only about 300 men, were under strict orders not to give way. As the situation reached its most critical moment, suddenly the Scots Greys appeared on the top of the hill.  It is improbable that it happened  but the tradition of The Gordons is that they and Scots Greys charged the French column, crying "Scotland Forever", the Gordons hanging on to the stirrups of the cavalry horses.
2015 is  the 200th Anniversary.

19 June 1566
James VI was born to Mary, Queen of Scots, and Lord Darnley.  He acceded to the throne at the age of one, after his mother was forced to abdicate. Taught by protestant, George Buchanan, he became known as the "wisest fool in Christendom", an  ironic tribute to his sharp wit by Henri IV of France.  He is known for the King James Authorised Version of the Bible, published in 1611.  He  gaining the English throne in 1603  and  only returned once to Scotland, in 1617.
19 June 1606
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton born. 
19 June 1861
Earl Haig was born in Edinburgh. He rose through the ranks of the 7th Hussars and became Commander in Chief of British Forces in 1915. His use of the Army in the  First World War has been called wasteful of lives, and his own grief at the casualties was given by him as the impetus for founding the Royal British Legion and initiation of the Poppy Day Appeal.
19 June 1937

JM Barrie, the Scottish playwright and novelist, died. Mainly remembered today for "Peter Pan" his works include "A Window in Thrums" and the "The Admirable Crichton".
20 June 1723
Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian, born at Logierait, Perthshire.
21 June 1813


W E Aytoun, lawyer and poet, author of "The Heart of the Bruce", sherriff of "Orkney and Zetland" born.
21 June 1919
The German Fleet was scuttled at Scapa Flow, Orkney.
22 June 1679
 The Battle of Bothwell Bridge. The Covenanters were defeated  by Royal Troops led by the Duke of Monmouth.  Deaths on the field were few but more were killed later, and of the captured or surrendered, some were shipwrecked while being transported in "The Crown of London".
22 June 1680 The Sanquhar Declaration. The Rev. Richard Cameron, and his brother Michael, rode into  Sanquhar with 20 Covenanter horsemen, and called for an end to the reign of Charles II. The so-called  was viewed as an act of treason and the heads of all involved were declared forfeit to the Crown. Richard Cameron's head was valued at 5,000 merks, his brother's at 3,000.  One month later that bounty was collected at Aird's Moss when both brothers were killed.
23 June 1314
"Bruce defeats de Bohun on the eve of Bannockburn, from a children's history book" by Massam - Scanned from H E Marshall, Scotland's Story, 1906. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons
Robert the Bruce , King of Scots, killed Henry de Bohun on the eve of the  The Battle of Bannockburn. "I have broken my good battle-axe." are the words attributed to him by H E Marshall in "Scotland's Story".
24 June 1314
Robert the Bruce , King of Scots, defeats Edward II of England on at the Battle of Bannockburn. Edward's  force by various accounts amounted to
25,000-40,000 and the Scots some 9,000-13,000.  Bruce had chosen his ground carefully and pursued successful tactics to secure victory, and is seen now as the moment when Scotland's sovereignty was confirmed against apparently overwhelming odds. 2014 is the 700th Anniversary.
Barbour's "The Bruce" - The Battle of Bannockburn
24 June 1777
Sir John Ross, Scots Arctic Explorer born.

Other events in  June and July
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Updated 16/06/2018