Events this week  in Scottish History
 

9 October 1995
Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Conservative Politician, and British Prime Minister in 1963, died.
 
10 October 1802
Hugh Miller, geologist, born in Cromarty.
 
11 October 1297
Andrew Moray and William Wallace write to the merchants of Lübeck and Hamburg, advising that "...that they can now have a safe access with their merchandize to all harbours of the Kingdom of Scotland, because the Kingdom of Scotland has, thanks be to God, by war been recovered from the power of the English."
 
12 October 1511
 

The "GREAT MICHAEL" was launched for the James IV's  Navy.
At 1,000 tons she was twice the size of England's "MARY ROSE".
 
12 October 1609
A contract was signed by which Lady Mary Erskine, born 1597 would marry William Keith, 5th Earl Marischal and become Countess of Marischal. She died after 1626.
 
13 October 1506
James IV ratified the charter of the seal of cause of the Guild of Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh, forerunner of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
 
14 October 1633
James VII and II born at St James' Palace, London.
 
14 October 1881 Eyemouth Fishing Disaster: a storm killed 129 of the East Berwickshire town's fishermen.
 
14 October 1939 Memorial to HMS ROYAL OAK in St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney
German submarine U47 commanded by Gunther Prien sank HMS ROYAL OAK in Scapa Flow, Orkney, with the loss of 833 lives. Shortly before 0100 hrs Prien fired his first salvo, causing minor damage to the bow. 20 minutes later, having reloaded the second salvo hit amidships. The U47 escaped through the narrow channel through which she had entered.
 
15 October 1686
Poet Allan Ramsay born in the village of Leadhills, Lanarkshire. He was the father of portrait painter, Allan Ramsay.
 
16 October 1430
James II born. His father, James I, was murdered when he was 6. He was crowned at Holyrood in 1437, and killed by an exploding cannon at the siege of Roxburgh Castle in August 1460.
 
17 October 1346
The Battle of Neville's Cross.  The English Army of about 700 men at arms, 10,000 archers and other troops had picked the favourable ground and the Scots invaders, between 10 and 15,000 were at a disadvantage from the start.  About 1,000 Scots were killed and many captured, including David II. He wore the Black Cross of Scotland to the Battle and lost it to the English. For the next 200 years the cross was given pride of place in Durham Cathedral's relic collection.
 
17 October 1821  

 


Alexander Gardner, renowned photographer of the American Civil War, born in Paisley.
 
17 October 1921 George Mackay Brown, Orkney poet, author and dramatist born.  He died on 13th April 1996.
 

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Scotland's Early History