Events this week  in Scottish History
 

25 September 1703
Archibald Campbell, 10th Earl and 1st Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne, Earl of Campbell And Cowall, Viscount of Lochow and Glenyla, Lord of Inverary, Mull, Morvern, and Tirie and one of the commissioners who invited William of Orange to Britain and responsible for the massacre of Glencoe, died.
 
25 September 1915
The first day of the Battle of Loos.  All ten Scottish Regiments were involved in this battle as part of the 9th and 15th Divisions. The battle  lasted until 18th October. 36 Battalions took part and sustained over 12,000 casualties, one fifth of the total.
 
26 September 1290  Site of Margaret, Maid of Norway's Tomb, on site of Kristkirken, Bergen
Margaret "Maid of Norway", Eiriksdottir, died in Orkney. When her grandfather had died Princess Margaret was three years old. The Scottish Parliament appointed six Guardians to rule on her behalf, and on 18th July 1290 the Scots agreed in the Treaty of Birgham (Berwickshire) that she should marry Edward I of England's eldest son, Prince Edward. At the end of September, the eight-year-old Queen set sail for Scotland, escorted by Bishop Narve of Bergen. She was taken ill on the voyage and her ship put in at Orkney, but she died there, in the arms of the Bishop. She was buried at the Kristkirken, Bergen. Her death left the Scottish succession open, and gave Edward I the opportunity to start his attacks on Scotland.
 
27 September 1938
RMS Queen Elizabeth was built by John Brown & Company shipyard at Clydebank, Scotland, was launched.
 
28 September 1582
George Buchanan, poet humanist and tutor to James VI, died.
 
28 September 1864
Charles Murray, North East poet, born in Alford, Aberdeenshire.
Poets' Corner - Charles Murray - Selected Works
 
29 September 1902 William McGonagall, born in 1825, died in Edinburgh.
 
30 September 1813 John Rae, surgeon, trader and Canadian explorer, was born at Clestrain, Orphir, Orkney. He died in London, in 1893 and is buried in St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall, Orkney.
 
1 October 1788
Deacon William Brodie, respectable citizen by day, by criminal at night executed at the Tolbooth in Edinburgh.

 
2 October 1263
The Battle of Largs.  Haakon the Old of Norway is defeated by the Scots and the Kingdom of Norway loses its territory in Argyll and the Western Isles. It is also the source of one of the versions of the origin of the Thistle as emblem of Scotland. (The most likely being the Viking raid at Luncarty on the Tay).
Largs Viking Festival
 
2 October 1854
Sir Patrick Geddes, "Father of Town Planning" born in Ballater.
 
3 October 1357 Chateau Gaillard in Les Andelys from Alliance France-Ecosse where David II was held
The Treaty of Berwick released David II from English captivity.  The Scots paid 100,000 merks for the release of their King.
 
3 October 1594 The Battle of Glenlivet.  A force of 2,000 with cavalry and artillery led by the Catholic Earls of Errol and Huntly rout 10,000 Highland infantry under the Duke of Argyll.
Bonnie George Campbell

 
3 October 1721 The Rev. John Skinner, author  of  "Tullochgorum",  described by Robert Burns  as "the best Scotch song ever Scotland saw", born. 
 

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Scotland's Early History