Events this week  in Scottish History
 

  15   January   1803  
Marjory Fleming, "Pet Marjory", child writer and poet, who died in 1811 of meningitis at the age of 8, born in Kirkcaldy.
 
 
  15   January   1973  
Neil Gunn, author of "The Silver Darlings", and other works on Caithness, died.
 
 
  16   January   1707  
The Treaty of Union was ratified. The treaty to unite the Scottish and Westminster Parliaments was passed by 110 votes to 67, but was less than popular in the country. Crowds outside the Parliament burnt copies of the treaty, and some threw stones at the Parliament windows.  In Glasgow those opposed to the treaty held the city for over a month.
The Scottish Parliament: - History - The Scottish Parliamentary Tradition - The Treaty of Union
A Parcel of Rogues in a Nation
 
 
  16   January   1809  
General Sir John Moore killed at the Battle of Elviña, La Coruña, and buried on the town's ramparts.
 
 
  16   January   1945  
The start of Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle, to break through Germany's West Wall.  The Lothian and Borders Yeomanry take part in a successful operation to  secure Dieteren.
The 52nd Division had been trained as Mountain Troops and fought in the flattest country in Europe and wore their "Mountain Flash" throughout.
"The Battle for the Roer Triangle" is available from the Erskine Hospital, price £ 15.
 
 
  17   January   1746  
The Battle of Falkirk.  The retreating Jacobite Army defeated the new Government Commander, General Hawley. He blamed his own soldiers for the defeat, accusing them of cowardice.
 
 
  17   January   1945  
5 KOSB (King's Own Scottish Borderers) clear Oud-Roosteren during  Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 
  18   January   1792  
Sir John Pringle, pioneer of military medical services, died.
 
 
  18   January   1945  
6 Cameronians establish themselves in Heilder and 5 HLI (Highland Light Infantry)  cleared Schalbruch during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
  18/19   January   1945  
7/9 RS (The Royal Scots) and 4 KOSB (King's Own Scottish Borderers) take part in Task Bear to capture Waldfeucht (in Germany) and Koningsbosch during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
19 January 1736
James Watt, developer of the steam engine, born in Greenock.
 
  19   January   1945  
7 Cameronians clear the villages east of Höngen, Saeffelen and Breberen during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
  20   January   1936   George V died at Sandringham.  
  20   January   1945  
6 HLI (Highland Light Infantry)  attack and capture Bocket during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .  83 PW and an 88 mm were captured. This brought the PW captured to 16 Officers and 584 other ranks since the operation began.
 
 
  21   January   1940  
"HMS EXMOUTH" was sunk by a U-Boat in the Moray Firth with the loss of 189 lives.
 
 
  21   January   1945  
The Germans counter attacked Waldfeucht during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle . 3 Companies of 5 KOSB defended the village successfully and, and were relieved by 4 KOSB by dark. 7 Cameronians captured Selsten and 1 GLAS H (Glasgow Highlanders) captured Hontem and Frilinghoven. 6 Cameronians relieved 7 Cameronians who concentrated at  Bocket and 6 Cameronians occupied Braunsrath during the night and a German counter on Selsten was resisted. 
 
 
  22   January   1689  
William and Mary proclaimed joint sovereigns of Great Britain by the Convention Parliament.
 
 
  22   January   1777  
Joseph Hume, surgeon and later politician, was born in Montrose. He died in 1885.
 
 
  22   January   1945  
 5 HLI (Highland Light Infantry) captured Laffeld during Operation Blackcock the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 
  23   January   1570  
Regent Moray shot dead by Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh at Linlithgow, initiating civil war.
 
 
  23   January   1945  
6 HLI (Highland Light Infantry) supported by the SRY (Sherwood Rangers)  occupy the Aphoven area  during Operation Blackcock the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 

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Scotland's Early History