Events This Week in Scottish History

19 September 1778
Henry, Lord Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux born in Edinburgh. 
 
19 September 1806
William Dyce, artist, born in Aberdeen. Aberdeen's Dyce Airport is named after him.
 
19 September 1859 Professor John Pringle Nichol, author of "The Architecture of the Heavens" died.
 
20 September 1842
Sir James Dewar, inventor of the process of liquifaction of gases, born.
 
20 September 1967
The "RMS QUEEN ELIZABETH 2", "QE2" was launched by HM The Queen at John Brown and Co's yard, Clydebank.
 
21 September 1722 John Home, Scots writer, minister and historian, born at Leith.
 
21 September 1745 The Battle of Prestonpans. The Jacobite Army defeats General Sir John Cope's Government Army at Prestonpans near Edinburgh.
 
21 September 1756 John Loudon MacAdam who introduced the "macadam" or "tarmac" system of road surfacing, was born in Ayr.
 
21 September 1832
Sir Walter Scott died.
 
22 September 1834 Thomas Telford, the civil engineer died.
 
23 September 1678
 

The Royal Scots Fusiliers raised by the Earl of Mar as "The Earl of Mar's Regiment". In 1959 they were merged with the The Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).  In 2006 all the old Scottish Regiments were merged into a new Regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
 
23 September 1803
Prints are obtainable from the artist, David Rowlands www.davidrowlands.co.uk
The Battle of Assaye. All but one of the officers of the 74th Regiment of Foot, The Highland Light Infantry, were killed or wounded in General Arthur Wellesley's (later the Duke of Wellington) greatest victory in India.
 
24 September 1332 Edward Balliol, son of John Balliol, crowned at Scone.  He was regarded by many as the legitimate successor, but was chased out of Scotland and sought refuge in England.
 
25 September 1703
Archibald Campbell, 10th Earl and 1st Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Kintyre and Lorne, Earl of Campbell And Cowall, Viscount of Lochow and Glenyla, Lord of Inverary, Mull, Morvern, and Tirie and one of the commissioners who invited William of Orange to Britain and responsible for the massacre of Glencoe, died.
 
25 September 1915
The first day of the Battle of Loos.  All ten Scottish Regiments were involved in this battle as part of the 9th and 15th Divisions. The battle  lasted until 18th October. 36 Battalions took part and sustained over 12,000 casualties, one fifth of the total.
 
26 September 1290  Site of Margaret, Maid of Norway's Tomb, on site of Kristkirken, Bergen
Margaret "Maid of Norway", Eiriksdottir, died in Orkney. When her grandfather had died Princess Margaret was three years old. The Scottish Parliament appointed six Guardians to rule on her behalf, and on 18th July 1290 the Scots agreed in the Treaty of Birgham (Berwickshire) that she should marry Edward I of England's eldest son, Prince Edward. At the end of September, the eight-year-old Queen set sail for Scotland, escorted by Bishop Narve of Bergen. She was taken ill on the voyage and her ship put in at Orkney, but she died there, in the arms of the Bishop. She was buried at the Kristkirken, Bergen. Her death left the Scottish succession open, and gave Edward I the opportunity to start his attacks on Scotland.
 
27 September 1938
RMS Queen Elizabeth was built by John Brown & Company shipyard at Clydebank, Scotland, was launched.
 

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Scotland's Early History

 

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