Events this week  in Scottish History
 

  16   January   1707  
The Treaty of Union was ratified. The treaty to unite the Scottish and Westminster Parliaments was passed by 110 votes to 67, but was less than popular in the country. Crowds outside the Parliament burnt copies of the treaty, and some threw stones at the Parliament windows.  In Glasgow those opposed to the treaty held the city for over a month.
The Scottish Parliament: - History - The Scottish Parliamentary Tradition - The Treaty of Union
A Parcel of Rogues in a Nation
 
 
  16   January   1809  
General Sir John Moore killed at the Battle of Elviña, La Coruña, and buried on the town's ramparts.
 
 
  16   January   1945  
The start of Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle, to break through Germany's West Wall.  The Lothian and Borders Yeomanry take part in a successful operation to  secure Dieteren.
The 52nd Division had been trained as Mountain Troops and fought in the flattest country in Europe and wore their "Mountain Flash" throughout.
"The Battle for the Roer Triangle" is available from the Erskine Hospital, price £ 15.
 
 
  17   January   1746  
The Battle of Falkirk.  The retreating Jacobite Army defeated the new Government Commander, General Hawley. He blamed his own soldiers for the defeat, accusing them of cowardice.
 
 
  17   January   1945  
5 KOSB (King's Own Scottish Borderers) clear Oud-Roosteren during  Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 
  18   January   1792  
Sir John Pringle, pioneer of military medical services, died.
 
 
  18   January   1945  
6 Cameronians establish themselves in Heilder and 5 HLI (Highland Light Infantry)  cleared Schalbruch during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
  18/19   January   1945  
7/9 RS (The Royal Scots) and 4 KOSB (King's Own Scottish Borderers) take part in Task Bear to capture Waldfeucht (in Germany) and Koningsbosch during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
19 January 1736
James Watt, developer of the steam engine, born in Greenock.
 
  19   January   1945  
7 Cameronians clear the villages east of Höngen, Saeffelen and Breberen during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .
 
 
  20   January   1936   George V died at Sandringham.  
  20   January   1945  
6 HLI (Highland Light Infantry)  attack and capture Bocket during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle .  83 PW and an 88 mm were captured. This brought the PW captured to 16 Officers and 584 other ranks since the operation began.
 
 
  21   January   1940  
"HMS EXMOUTH" was sunk by a U-Boat in the Moray Firth with the loss of 189 lives.
 
 
  21   January   1945  
The Germans counter attacked Waldfeucht during Operation Blackcock, the Battle for the Roer Triangle . 3 Companies of 5 KOSB defended the village successfully and, and were relieved by 4 KOSB by dark. 7 Cameronians captured Selsten and 1 GLAS H (Glasgow Highlanders) captured Hontem and Frilinghoven. 6 Cameronians relieved 7 Cameronians who concentrated at  Bocket and 6 Cameronians occupied Braunsrath during the night and a German counter on Selsten was resisted. 
 
 
  22   January   1689  
William and Mary proclaimed joint sovereigns of Great Britain by the Convention Parliament.
 
 
  22   January   1777  
Joseph Hume, surgeon and later politician, was born in Montrose. He died in 1885.
 
 
  22   January   1945  
 5 HLI (Highland Light Infantry) captured Laffeld during Operation Blackcock the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 
  23   January   1570  
Regent Moray shot dead by Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh at Linlithgow, initiating civil war.
 
 
  23   January   1945  
6 HLI (Highland Light Infantry) supported by the SRY (Sherwood Rangers)  occupy the Aphoven area  during Operation Blackcock the Battle for the Roer Triangle.
 
 
  24   January   1945  
7/9 RS ( Royal Scots) and 4 KOSB of 52nd Lowland Division, having entered Germany overnight, captured Heinsberg during Operation Blackcock Battle for the Roer Triangle.  Opposition was light and a counter attack was broken up. 180 PW were captured. Haaren was occupied by 7 Cameronians.  This completed the operation, 40 small towns and villages had been captured, 23 officers and 1,112 other ranks had been captured with a further 85 PW taken  through medical channels.  The evacuation of 700 German civilians which had begun during the operation continued. The 52nd Division had suffered 752 casualties, 4 officers were killed, 1 died of wounds, and 32 were wounded, 84 other ranks were killed, 12 died of wounds and 619 were wounded.
 
 

 

Other events in January and February
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Scotland's Early History