Events this week  in Scottish History

19 June 1566
James VI was born to Mary, Queen of Scots, and Lord Darnley.  He acceded to the throne at the age of one, after his mother was forced to abdicate. Taught by protestant, George Buchanan, he became known as the "wisest fool in Christendom", an  ironic tribute to his sharp wit by Henri IV of France.  He is known for the King James Authorised Version of the Bible, published in 1611.  He  gaining the English throne in 1603  and  only returned once to Scotland, in 1617.
19 June 1606
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton born. 
19 June 1861
Earl Haig was born in Edinburgh. He rose through the ranks of the 7th Hussars and became Commander in Chief of British Forces in 1915. His use of the Army in the  First World War has been called wasteful of lives, and his own grief at the casualties was given by him as the impetus for founding the Royal British Legion and initiation of the Poppy Day Appeal.
19 June 1937

JM Barrie, the Scottish playwright and novelist, died. Mainly remembered today for "Peter Pan" his works include "A Window in Thrums" and the "The Admirable Crichton".
20 June 1723
Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian, born at Logierait, Perthshire.
21 June 1813


W E Aytoun, lawyer and poet, author of "The Heart of the Bruce", sherriff of "Orkney and Zetland" born.
21 June 1919
The German Fleet was scuttled at Scapa Flow, Orkney.
22 June 1679
 The Battle of Bothwell Bridge. The Covenanters were defeated  by Royal Troops led by the Duke of Monmouth.  Deaths on the field were few but more were killed later, and of the captured or surrendered, some were shipwrecked while being transported in "The Crown of London".
22 June 1680 The Sanquhar Declaration. The Rev. Richard Cameron, and his brother Michael, rode into  Sanquhar with 20 Covenanter horsemen, and called for an end to the reign of Charles II. The so-called  was viewed as an act of treason and the heads of all involved were declared forfeit to the Crown. Richard Cameron's head was valued at 5,000 merks, his brother's at 3,000.  One month later that bounty was collected at Aird's Moss when both brothers were killed.
23 June 1314
"Bruce defeats de Bohun on the eve of Bannockburn, from a children's history book" by Massam - Scanned from H E Marshall, Scotland's Story, 1906. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons
Robert the Bruce , King of Scots, killed Henry de Bohun on the eve of the  The Battle of Bannockburn. "I have broken my good battle-axe." are the words attributed to him by H E Marshall in "Scotland's Story".
24 June 1314
Robert the Bruce , King of Scots, defeats Edward II of England on at the Battle of Bannockburn. Edward's  force by various accounts amounted to
25,000-40,000 and the Scots some 9,000-13,000.  Bruce had chosen his ground carefully and pursued successful tactics to secure victory, and is seen now as the moment when Scotland's sovereignty was confirmed against apparently overwhelming odds.
24 June 1777
Sir John Ross, Scots Arctic Explorer born.
25 June 1936
Roy Williamson, Scottish folk musician and songwriter, born. A founder member of the folk group, "The Corries", for whom he wrote the song which has since become Scotland's unofficial National Anthem, "Flower of Scotland".
The Corries

26 June 1488
James IV crowned.
26 June 1695
"The Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies" Act passed by The Scottish Parliament.  Its capital was to be £600,000 sterling, half to be subscribed in London and half in Scotland. This was the first event in the ill-fated Darien Scheme.
RBS: Darien Adventure - National Guidelines, Illustrated history for teachers

27 June 1583
James VI escaped from Ruthven Castle to St Andrews Castle.

Other events in June  and July
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Scotland's Early History