Events This Week in Scottish History

  4   April   1617  
John Napier of Merchiston, inventor of logarithms, died.
  4   April   1849   The Clydesdale Joint Stock Agricultural & Commercial Company was established "for the purpose of acquiring land in some suitable locality in the United States of America, in which to establish by means of the united capital and industry of its partners, a comfortable home for themselves and families, where they may follow a more simple, useful and rational mode of life than is found practicable in the complex and competition state of society, from which they have become anxious to retire.” The members were John Jack, James Love, John Craig, John McAndrews, James Shanks, James Gardner, Robertson Sinclair, John Davis and John Campbell."
See also Alexander Gardner

  4   April   1840   Reverend John Campbell, Missionary, died in South Africa.  
  5   April   1820  
The Striking Workers of the Radical War of 1820 on their way to the Carron Iron Works were attacked by Hussars at Bonnymuir.  The leaders were subsequently executed and many others convicted and transported to Australia as criminals.
  6   April   1320  
The Declaration of Arbroath was drawn up at Arbroath Abbey. It was a letter, in Latin, from the Scottish nobility to Pope John XXII asserting Scotland's independence and warning of their right to dethrone King Robert I should he "give up what he has begun, and agree to make us or our kingdom subject to the King of England or the English."
The Declaration of Arbroath is said to have influenced the US Declaration of Independence in 1776.
  6   April


James Mill, the Scottish philosopher and historian was born. His son was the philosopher, John Stuart Mill.
  7   April   1718   Dr Hugh Blair, born in Edinburgh.  
  8   April   1783  
John Claudius Loudon, landscape gardener and architect, born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire.
  9   April   1747  
Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, beheaded at Tower Hill for his part in the Jacobite Rising of 1745, at the age of 80.  On the scaffold he encouraged his nervous executioner with the words "Cheer up thy heart man, I am not afraid. Why should you be? "
  10   April   1512  
James V born.
  10   April   1840   Alexander Nasmyth, Scots painter, died in Edinburgh.  
  11   April   1839    
John Galt, novelist,   died Greenock, Renfrewshire.
  12   April   1606 UF
The first Union Flag adopted as the Flag of Scotland, England (and Wales) initially a Royal flag and was first known as "the British Flag" or the "Flag of Britain". (The current version which incorporated Ireland dates from 1801).
12 April 1941 Plaque on Gatepost at Charles Murray Park, Alford, Aberdeenshire
Charles Murray, North East poet, died at Banchory, Aberdeenshire.
  13   April   1951  
The Stone taken from the Coronation chair in 1950 by Scottish Students was returned to Westminster, after having been found at Arbroath Abbey.

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Scotland's Early History