Events This Week in Scottish History
 

9 November 1937
Ramsay MacDonald died crossing the Atlantic on holiday on the liner "REINA DEL PACIFICO".
 
10 November 1871
Henry Morton Stanley found the missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone.
 
11 November 1918
Armistice Day, marking the end of hostilities in World War I. The guns were silenced, finally , on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. Scotland  accounted for 10% of the United Kingdom's population, but 147,609 Scots were killed during the war, a fifth of the UK's War Dead.
 
12 November
 

St Machar's Day St Machar's is Aberdeen's Cathedral.
 
12 November 1094
Duncan II killed by the Mormaer of the Mearns at the Battle of Monthechin.
 
13 November 1093
Malcolm III (Canmore) was killed at the Battle of Alnwick, aged about 62.  His wife, Margaret, died on receiving the news of his death, and was made a saint in 1249.
 
13 November 1715
The Battle of Sherrifmuir. The Jacobites under the the 6th  Earl of Mar "Bobbing John" fought a ferocious but inconclusive battle with Hanoverian forces under John, 2nd Duke of Argyll.
 
13 November 1850
Robert Louis Stevenson was born in Edinburgh.
 
14 November 1715
The Battle of Preston. The Jacobite Rising in the North of England, where Scots had joined English Jacobites, were defeated by Government Forces.  This was the last Battle on English soil, rather than Sedgemoor, and would be followed by the minor engagement at Clifton in 1745.
The Battle of Preston 1715 - Old Maps of Lancashire

Battle of Preston (1715)
 
14 November 1770
James Bruce, Scots Explorer discovered  the source of the Blue Nile.
 
14 November 1797
Sir Charles Lyell, eminent Scots Geologist, was born at Kinnordy House, near Kirriemuir.
 
14 November 1857  

 


The 93rd Highlanders later Sutherland Highlanders, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and now Balaklava Company 5 SCOTS  took part in the Relief of Lucknow.  The sound of their pipes was the first signal to the besieged British that help was at hand. 11 Victoria Crosses were awarded to Members of the 93rd, 78th and 42nd Regiments during the campaign.

 

14 November 1910
Norman MacCaig, poet, born.  He died on 23rd January 1966.
 
14 November 1916
H H Munro, aka Hector Hugh Munro "Saki" was killed in action at Beaumont Hamel.
 
15 November 1746
James Reid from Angus was hanged, drawn, and quartered at York. He had served as a piper in the 1st Battalion, Lord Ogilvy's (Forfarshire) Regiment, raised in October 1745 in support of the Young Pretender, Prince Charles Edward Stewart. He was among several men from this regiment left as part of the garrison of the English border city of Carlisle when the Jacobites  abandoned their invasion of England, and was captured when the city surrendered to government forces in December 1745. At his treason trial  it was put forward in his defence that, as a musician, he did not carry arms and had not struck a blow against the Government. However the court ruled that "...a Highland regiment never marched without a piper, and therefore his bagpipe, in the eyes of the law, was an instrument of war.". 
 
16 November 1093
 
St Margaret  St Margaret's Chapel
Queen Margaret, wife of Malcolm III died at Edinburgh Castle on receiving the news of his death at the Battle of Alnwick.  She was made a saint in 1249.  St Margaret's  Chapel is in Edinburgh Castle.
 
17 November 1292
John Balliol was awarded the Scottish Crown. He swore fealty to Edward I and on 26 December paid homage to him at Newcastle-upon-Tyne for the Kingdom of Scotland. When it became clear Edward I regarded Scotland as a vassal state, the Scots Nobles resisted and with Balliol agreed the "Auld Alliance" with France.  On 5 April 1296 he renounced his fealty to Edward I, who marched north and defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.  Balliol surrendered to Edward I on 10 July and his nickname "Toom Tabard" came from the removal of heraldic insignia from his coat to mark his submission.  He was released in 1299 and retired to his French estate at Bailleul where he died in 1313.
 

Other events in October and November
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Updated 09/11/2019