Gallipoli: Anzac Day 25th April

E-mail Iain


(Çanakkale in Turkish)

25th April is ANZAC Day which commemorates the landing of Australian and New Zealand (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) troops at Ari Burnu on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1915. The last Australian veteran died in May 2002.
While the Anzacs were landing at Ari Burnu on April 25, 1915, British forces were wading ashore under intense fire on six beaches at the southern tip of the Gallipoli peninsula at Cape Helles and Sedd-El-Bahr

Gallipoli Gallery
Photographs taken in 1989 by
© Iain Laird

Anzac Cove (Anzac Koyu)


The pictures of Anzac Cove are particularly important as recent road improvement has removed the distinctive features that made the landing there so difficult, and the movement inland.
The "Sphinx" feature of Chunuk Bair can be seen, and the difficulty of the ground for an opposed landing is easily understood.
Shrapnel Valley leads up to the Monash Gully and  "Lone Pine" from Anzac Cove.  It has been written "...if ghosts walk in Gallipoli, it is in Shrapnel Valley".

Lone Pine

      Turkish dugout Turkish Trench

The commanding position held by the Turkish forces above Lone Pine can be appreciated. In the distance, Suvla Bay where British Forces landed unopposed, while the ANZACs carried out costly diversionary attacks at Lone Pine and the Nek, immortalised in Peter Weir's Film "Gallipoli".

The Nek


The Nek is narrow strip at the top of a ridge not much wider than a tennis court. Shortly before the Cemetery, the Light Horse forward trench can still be found.

New Zealand Memorial Chunuk Bair


A New Gallipoli Film for the 90th Anniversary
will take place at Te Papa in Wellington, on ANZAC Day, 3.30-5.40pm in the Soundings Theatre, Level 2. Free entry.

Cape Helles


The main British Landings were at Cape Helles and Sedd-El-Bahr. The Lancashire Fusiliers famously won "six VCs before breakfast" at W Beach on April 25, and lost 164 men that day.

Sedd-El-Bahr (Seddülbahir)


Men from 1st Royal Munster Fusiliers, 1st The Royal Dublin Fusiliers  and The Royal Hampshire Regiment were landed from the converted collier the "RIVER CLYDE" They sustained such  heavy casualties that the 1st RDF and 1st RMF thereafter formed one composite Battalion, called the 'Dubsters'

St Mary

Memorial Chapel at Chepstow Parish and Priory Church of St. Mary, picture commemorating the VC of Able Seaman Charles Williams RFR awarded for his valour during the "RIVER CLYDE" landing at Sedd-El-Bahr.

Turkish Memorial



A young Turkish officer at the time of the Allied Landings was Colonel Mustafa Kemal, later "Ataturk", "father of the Turks" who commanded his troops:
"I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place."
In 1934 he wrote:
"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives .... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours ... you, the mothers, who sent their sons from far away countries, wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well. "
This is written on the Turkish Memorial at Ari Burnu, renamed by the Turks to Anzac Koyu, Anzac Cove to honour the ANZACs.

Gallipoli Casualties

Ccompiled from various sources Battle of Gallipoli

aa Nationality Died Wounded     Total
  Britain & Ireland 21,255 52,230  73,485
  France (estimated) 10,000 17,000  27,000
  Australia  8,709 19,441 28,150
  New Zealand 2,701 4,852 7,553
  India 1,358 3,421  4,779
  Newfoundland 49 93 142
  Total Allies 44,072 97,037 141,109
  Turkey 86,692 164,617  251,309

Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs

aa Turkish           86,692
British  & Irish 21,255




  New Zealand








References & Links:
The Scotsman Newspaper
Mapping Gallipoli
Gallipoli: includes place names
Peter Weir's film "Gallipoli"
Gallipoli: Alan Moorehead
ISBN: 0233984526
Gallipoli: Robert Rhodes James ISBN: 0333488725
Eric Bogle and his song "And the Band played Waltzing Matilda"

To STOP click on the II or
To RESTART click on the ARROW
MIDI Papa´s - Mick O´Neill
Digger History Tunes
The Band Played Waltzing Matilda

The Band Played Waltzing Matilda ( hear Eric Bogle)

Page launched 25th April 2005: 90th Anniversary
Dedicated to the late Captain Emre Omur,
who made my visit possible in 1989
Thanks also to Mehmet & Sima Doğu who were my guides for the visit

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