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The Making of "Braveheart":
The Death of Robert the Bruce 7th June 1329
The Battle of Teba 25th August 1330

Bruce's Heart
Robert the Bruce died at his manor near Cardross, Dumbarton.  He was buried at Dunfermline Abbey, and his heart was removed and embalmed. According to 14th Century John Barbour's "The Bruce" as the Bruce requested, his heart was to be taken to Jerusalem by Sir James Douglas, known as "The Black Douglas" , who travelled with Sir William St Clair of Roslin, Sir Robert and Sir Walter Logan, Sir William Keith, Sir Alan Cathcart and Sir Symon Loccard of Lee, and one other knight unnamed. 
An embalmed heart, thought to be that of Robert the Bruce was discovered at
Melrose Abbey in 1921, re-located in 1996 and re-interred in 1998 marked with a memorial which reads "A Nobel Hart May Have Nane Ease Gif Freedom Failye."  written by John Barbour in 1375,  which translates, "A noble heart can know no ease without freedom."

The Battle of Teba, on 25th August, 1330
A monument in Teba reads "Sir James Douglas most loyal comrade in arms of Robert the Bruce King of Scots while on his way to present the Heart of Bruce at the church of the Most Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem the good Sir James turned aside to support King Alfonso XI capture the strategic Castle of the Stars Teba & was slain in battle August 25 1330"
In a note to
Froissart's Chronicles (c. 1369-1373) it is recorded:  Lord Hailes’ Annals of Scotland, anno 1330: — “The detached troops fought with equal advantage, and the Moorish cavalry fled. Douglas with his companions eagerly pursued the Saracens. Taking the casket from his neck, which contained the heart of Bruce, he threw it before him and cried, ’Now pass thou onward as thou wast wont, and Douglas will follow thee, or die!’ The fugitives rallied — surrounded and overwhelmed by superior numbers, Douglas fell, while attempting to rescue sir William St. Clare, of Roslin, who shared his fate. Robert and Walter Logan, both of them knights, were slain with Douglas. His friend, sir William Keith, having had his arm broke, was detained from the battle. His few surviving companions found his body in the field, together with the casket, and reverently conveyed them to Scotland. The remains of Douglas were interred in the sepulchre of his fathers, in the church of Douglas, and the heart of Bruce was deposited at Melrose."
The following verse  is found only in
Hart's edition of  John Barbour's The Bruce (c 1373-1388) published 1616:
The words attributed to Douglas and his throwing of the casket seem to have entered into many versions of the story as a result of an interpolation of the extra verse to John Barbour's near contemporary 14th Century account of "The Bruce" in Hart's edition of 1616. This verse seems to have been based on the account in the 15th Century "Buke of Howlat", but perhaps because it was in an early published edition of Barbour's contemporary account it had credence over many years until scholars in the early 20th Century analysed the verse which appeared in only one edition and found it did not fit, and then traced it back to the "Howlat", though the words and action of this  interpolation seemed to describe Douglas' and Bruce's character in sentiment, if not in contemporary record.
Further links:
The village of Teba in the Malaga province, Andalucía, Southern Spain
History of the Monarchy > The Bruces > Robert I
The Battle of Teba, 1330, 25 August
The Sinclairs of Rosslyn, Their Chapel and Castle, Ward Ginn, Historian Clan Sinclair USA, p.17
Welcome to Strathleven Artizans
The Brus by John Barbour(c. 1320-1395) ;Douglas goes to Seville with the King's Heart
Froissart's Chronicles (c. 1369-1373)
Annals of Dunfermline, 1304 to 1341
Bruce's heart - Wars of Independence - Scotlands History
Extracts from the Report on the Tomb of Robert the Bruce at Dunfermline
The Battle of Teba, 1330, 25 August
John of Fordun's Chronicle of the Scottish Nation (c 1384) translated from the Latin text by Felix J. H. Skene. Ed. by William F. Skene 1872; Death of Bruce; Death of James Douglas p 345
The Lockhart Family Story
Seven Centuries: History of the Lockharts of Lee and Carnwath by Simon Macdonald Lockhart, ISBN: 978-0-9505711-0-2,ISBN-10: 0-9505711-0-5 p 4-5
"The Buke of the Howlat" by Holland edited for the Bannatyne Club by David Laing 1823
"Amang the hethin men the hert hardely he flang" and said: "Wend on as thou was wont, throw the batell in bront, ay formast in the front, Thy fayis amang, And I follow thee in faith or feye to be fellit."and more recently "go Braveheart and we, your Knights will follow"


Lord Hailes' Annals of Scotland  1819
The Douglas Book 1885
Sir Walter Scott, "Tales of a Grandfather", Ch 11
W E Aytoun's  "The Heart of the Bruce
The Bruce by John Barbour by W M Mackenzie MA FSA Scot 1909
Appendix D "The Throwing of the Heart"

A History Book for Scots, Selections from Scotichronicon, Walter Bower, edited by D E R Watt ISBN 978-1-873644-84-3 p 216
The Lion of the North by John Prebble ISBN 0 14 00.5645 9 , p 116

Of course, a good story having been created out of Bruce's Heart and the Black Douglas's memory, it was taken by
Randall Wallace as the title of his screenplay for the undoubtedly inspiring film "Braveheart" about Sir William Wallace, the film where the hero is played by Mel Gibson in Pictish woad, which shows among its many historical inaccuracies the Battle of Stirling Bridge without a bridge, but which at least starts and ends with Robert the Bruce.

August 2012