Events in Scottish History

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1 February 1709
Alexander Selkirk, from Lower Largo in Fife, and the inspiration of "Robinson Crusoe", rescued from Isla Más a Tierra (today known as Robinson Crusoe Island), in the Juan Fernández Islands, over 400 miles off the West Coast of Chile.
2 February 1645
Battle of Inverlochy.  The Marquis of Montrose defeated the Covenanters.
    February   1828    Admiral Sir Richard Strachan RN, KB (Bart.) died.  
  3   February   1903   Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton, born.  He served in the Royal Air Force and was Member of Parliament for East Renfrewshire 1930-1940.
4 February 1716
James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender, left Montrose, at the end of  the '15 Jacobite Rising.
4 February 1818
The Honours of Scotland, laid up in Edinburgh  on order in 1707 on the Union of Parliaments, were rediscovered by Walter Scott.  They went on display in the Castle in 1819. They were joined by the Stone of Destiny, which spent 700 years in Westminster Abbey, in 1996.
5 February 1649
Charles II proclaimed King in Edinburgh following the execution of his father, Charles I.
5 February 1941
The "S S POLITICIAN", with a cargo of whisky, ran aground of the North Shore of the Island of Eriskay.  The event and subsequent developments is remembered in the film "Whisky Galore".
See also:
Whisky Galore and the SS Politican
6 February 1665 The future Queen Anne born.
6 February 1685
Charles II died.
  6   February   1807  
General John Reid, soldier and composer, founder of the Chair of Music at  The University of Edinburgh, died in London.
  6   February   1952   George VI died at Sandringham, aged 56. Queen Elizabeth accedes to the Throne. 2012 marks the Diamond Jubilee of her Reign.

Churchill's tribute to George VI.

  7   February   1592   James Stewart, the Bonny Earl of Moray murdered at Donibristle.
386. Bonny Earl of Murray. Anonymous. The Oxford Book of English Verse

  7   February   1837  
James Murray, first editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, born in Denholm Scotland.
8 February 1587
Mary Queen of Scots executed by beheading at Fotheringay Castle at the age of 44.
  8   February   1599  
Robert Rollock, Principal of The University of Edinburgh, died. He was born in 1555.
  8   February   1928   John Logie Baird demonstrated television transmitting from London to New York.  
  9   February   1666

George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney (Third Creation) , soldier,  baptised. He served in the 1st Regiment of Foot (The Royal Scots).
  9   February   1773   Dr. John Gregory, author of "A Father's Legacy to his Daughters", died in Edinburgh.  
  10   February   1306   Robert the Bruce murdered John "The Red" Comyn in Greyfriars Kirk, Dumfries.
Jamd - Killing Comyn
Scran - Murder of John Comyn

10 February 1567
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, died. A massive explosion destroyed Kirk o' Fields house, where he was staying, but his body and that of his valet were found in an orchard nearby, strangled.
  11   February   1649  
William Carstares. Minister, born at Cathcart.
  11   February   1895   Lowest temperature first ever recorded in Scotland -27.2 degrees Centigrade at Braemar .  
11 February 1940  
John Buchan, novelist and statesman who served as Governor General of Canada, died.
12 February 1424
James I married Lady Joan Beaufort.
  12   February   1624   George Heriot, Goldsmith, founder of George Heriot's Schooldied in London.  
  13   February   862  
Kenneth MacAlpin who united the Picts and Scots in one kingdom, died at Forteviot His reign is given in the Pictish Chronicle as twenty eight year.
13 February 1692 The Glencoe Order to Capt Robert Campbell
The Massacre of Glencoe. Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon and a Government force massacred  38 MacDonalds on direct orders from Dalrymple of Stair, orders, counter-signed twice by King William. In terms of the Highland Culture of the times, the real offence was that the Government force had accepted their hospitality (for some 12 days) before turning on them.
  13   February   1721  
General John Reid, soldier and composer, founder of the Chair of Music at  The University of Edinburgh, born.
  14   February   1799


Captain James Cook, son of a Scottish Labourer, killed in Hawaii.
14 February 1876
Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone, patent no. 174461.
  14   February   1864   William Dyce, painter, born in Aberdeen in 1806, died in Streatham.  
  15   February   1540  
James V granted a letter under the Privy Seal to  Johnny Faa confirming his authority over the Egyptians, or "Gypsies" in Scotland calling on all sheriffs in the country to "...assist him in executione of justice upoun his company and folkis.".
  15   February   1848   The Caledonian Railway opened its line from Beattock to Glasgow and Edinburgh.  
16 February 1746
The Rout of Moy.  The Jacobites overcame a Government Force who were attempting to capture Charles Edward Stuart at Moy Hall. The only death in the Rout of Moy was that of Donald Ban MacCrimmon, Hereditary Piper to the MacLeods of Dunvegan.
  16   February   1872  


Pipe Major George Findlater VC, of The Gordon Highlanders born at Mill of Turriff, Aberdeenshire. He won the Victoria Cross at the Heights of Dargai, during the Tirah Campaign, NW India, on 20th October 1897, playing the successful attack forward after being shot through both legs.
  17   February   1688  
Rev. James Renwick, Covenanter, executed at the Grassmarket, Edinburgh.
  17   February   1796   James Macpherson, author of Ossian and Fingal, died.  
  18   February   1797  
Sir Ralph Abercromby, 2nd Baron Dunfermline, takes possession of Trinidad.
  18   February   1882

The Scotland v. Ireland Rugby Match resulted in a 0-0 draw at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow.
  19   February   1594  
Henry Frederick Stuart, first child of James VI  and Anne of Denmark, was born at Stirling Castle in Scotland.
  20   February   1463  
James I murdered at Greyfriars, Perth by the Earl of Atholl. (Some sources say 21st February.)
20 February 1472
The Scottish Parliament annexed the earldom of Orkney and the lordship of Shetland to the Crown  "Alsua the samyn day our souverain lorde, withe deliverance of his thre estatis, annext and uniit the erledome of Orknay and the lordschip of Scheteland to the croune, nocht to be gevin away in tyme to cum to na persoune nor persounis except anerly til ane the kingis sonnis† of lauchefull bed." This followed Christian I's failure to pay the pledges for his daughter, Margaret's dowry.  In 1468 Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden had contracted to marry his daughter, Margaret Oldenburg, Princess of Denmark, to James III with a dowry of 60,000 florins, 10,000 florins to be paid before her departure with Orkney pledged for 50,000 florins.  By 1469 he had raised only 2,000 florins and pledged Shetland for 8,000 florins.  In 1470 The earldom of Orkney had been purchased by the Crown from the Sinclairs (Earl William) with the ruined castle of Ravenscraig in Fife in some compensation and a pension of 40 merks. Christian I's pledges were never redeemed leading to the annexation of the Islands.   In 1540 the Scottish Parliament annexed the lorships, lands and castle of Orkney and Shetland, in 1612  again the lands of Orkney and in 1669  established the status of Orkney and Shetland as Crown Dependencies. The sovereignty of the Islands continues to be disputed.

(Note: Some sources give the date as 20th February 1471)

The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland, 20th February 1472
Scotland: the later Middle Ages, Ranald Nicholson p. 417
James III: a political study, Norman Macdougal, p.91
Orkney Tourist Group - Fascinating facts
Shetland - Shetlopedia - The Shetland Encyclopaedia
Further  references here  and  here
  21   February   1842   Glasgow Queen Street Station opened initially as Dundas Street.  
  21   February   1945  
Eric Liddell, athlete and missionary, featured in "Chariots of Fire", died in an internment camp at Weihsien, China.
  22   February   1371  
David II died, and the crown passed to his nephew, Robert the Steward.
  22   February   1371    
Robert II, became the first Stewart monarch

22 February 1875
Sir Charles Lyell, eminent Scots Geologist, died.
  23   February   1820  
William Davidson captured in the Cato Street Conspiracy.
  23   February   1836

The first day of the Siege of the Alamo,1836, There were four Scots born,  Richard W Ballentine, John McGregor (piper), Isaac Robinson and David L. Wilson and many of Scots ancestry among the defenders.
24 February 1303 Battle of Roslin Memorial
The Battle of Roslin. The action at Roslin was typical of combat in this period; a clash between relatively small groups of men-at-arms (armoured cavalry), not, as popularly written, a battle of manoeuvre involving many thousands.

  24   February   1923  
The Flying Scotsman left the works at Doncaster.
  25   February   1871   The England v. Scotland representative Football Match resulted in a 1-1 draw.
Ref: The Scotsman Newspaper Monday 27 February 1871 page 7
  25   February   1888   A conference in Edinburgh discussed the issue of leaving certificates for Scottish schools.  
  26   February   1802   Alexander Geddes, theologian, died.  
  26   February   1852  
The sinking of the Troopship "BIRKENHEAD" off Danger Point, South Africa. The Ship's Company, the Officers, Non Commissioned Officers and Men, of several units  including three Scottish Regiments stood fast with no hope of rescue as the ship sank beneath them, while every woman and child on board was saved in the few serviceable lifeboats.
HMS Birkenhead

27 February 1545 The Battle of Ancrum Moor. The Scots, led by the Earl of Angus defeated a much larger English force.
  27   February   1560   The Treaty of Berwick, a first step towards the expulsion of the French Troops  from Scotland, was signed in Berwick between the Duke of Norfolk, for England and Scottish Nobles opposed to the French occupation.


  28   February   1642  
The National Covenant was signed at Greyfriars Kirkyard, Edinburgh.
  29   February   1528  
Patrick Hamilton burned at the stake as a heretic in St Andrews.
  29   February   1904  
The Pavilion Theatre, Glasgow, opened.






Updated 23/04/2016